In 1853, after writing for newspapers in Hannibal, Missouri, he left for St. Louis, Philadelphia and New York. He returned to the river in 1857 and became a Mississippi steamboat pilot until the Civil War put an end to river traffic.
His fame as a humorist and story teller was established with the publication of the Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County. Lecturing increased his reputation, but it was The Innocent Abroad that gave him a firm place in the world of literature.
A careful and conscious artist, Twain as a humorist was master of the techniques of exaggeration, irreverence and deadpan solemnity. Sensitive to the sound of language, he introduced colloquial speech into American fiction. He was unsurpassed as a creator of character, preeminently in the immortal Huck Finn, and as a keen observer of the social scene.
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